Court of Federal Claims

Learn More About the Federal Vaccine Court and the NVICP

Reviewed By Anne Carrión Toale, Vaccine Injury Attorney

What is the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program?

Vaccine reactions are extremely rare.  However, just as it is with all pharmaceuticals, unexpected side effects can occur. When a vaccination triggers a severe reaction in an adult or a child, help is available.

The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (NVICP) was created by Congress in 1986 after a series of lawsuits against vaccine manufacturers threatened to create vaccine shortages. So far, this federal trust fund paid out billions of dollars in damages to thousands of people suffering from adverse reactions to vaccinations.  Billions of dollars are available for future compensations as well.

How Does the NVICP Work?

If a vaccine caused severe injury, compensation is available from a $3 billion vaccine trust fund. Eligibility is decided by the United States Court of Federal Claims in Washington, D.C.

  1. First, a lawsuit must be brought in the United States Court of Federal Claims against the Secretary of the Department of Health & Human Services.
  2. Next, Department of Justice attorneys and Department of Health & Human Services physicians decide whether to compensate the claim from the vaccine trust fund.
  3. Last, if the government agencies do not agree to compensation, the Court of Federal Claims decides whether compensation of the injured person from the vaccine trust is appropriate.

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Diagnosed with a Vaccine Injury?

One of our vaccine attorneys can review your case for free. There is a statute of limitations to file a claim. If you miss the deadline, there are no second chances.

Who Can File a Claim?

  • If you received a vaccine covered by the NVICP and believe that you were injured by the vaccine.
  • You’re a parent or legal guardian of a child or disabled adult who received a vaccine covered by the VICP and believe that the person was injured by this vaccine.
  • If you are the legal representative of the estate of a deceased person who received a vaccine covered by the VICP and believe that the person’s death resulted from the vaccine injury.
  • It is not necessary to be a United States citizen to be eligible for compensation.
  • Some people who receive vaccines outside of the U.S. may be eligible for compensation.

Additionally, to be eligible to file a claim, the effects of the person’s injury must:

  1. Last for more than 6 months after the vaccine is given; or
  2. Result in a hospital stay and surgery; or
  3. Result in death.

There is no age restriction on who may file a claim. Anyone who got a vaccine that’s covered by the NVICP, no matter their age, has the ability to file a claim.

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Vaccine Injury FAQ

Answers to the most commonly asked questions about the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program

What Vaccines are Covered?

  • Tetanus toxoid-containing vaccines (DTaP, Tdap, DTP-Hib, DT, Td, TT)
  • Pertussis antigen-containing vaccines (DTaP, Tdap, DTP, P, DTP-Hib)
  • Measles, mumps, and rubella virus-containing vaccines in any combination (MMR, MR, M, R)
  • Rubella virus-containing vaccines (MMR, MR, R)
  • Measles virus-containing vaccines (MMR, MR, M)
  • Polio live virus vaccines (OPV)
  • Hepatitis B antigen-containing vaccines (Engerix-B, Recombivax HB, Twinrix)
  • Hemophilus influenzae (type b polysaccharide conjugate vaccines)
  • Varicella vaccine (Varivax chickenpox virus vaccine and ProQuad)
  • Rotavirus vaccine (Rota Teq)
  • Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (Prevnar)
  • Hepatitis A vaccines (Havrix, VAQTA, and Twinrix)
  • Trivalent influenza vaccines (Flu vaccines including FluMist, a live attenuated influenza virus vaccine; and injectable influenza vaccines FluShield, Fluvirin, Fluzone, and Afluria)
  • Meningococcal vaccines (meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine (MPSV4) and meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MCV4), Menactra)
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines (Gardasil and Cervarix)
  • Polio inactivated virus (IPV)

Vaccines NOT Covered by the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program

  • COVID-19 Vaccines
  • Pneumovax v23; or Pneumococcal polysaccharide (PPSV, PPV) vaccine
  • Zostavax; or Herpes zoster (shingles) vaccine
  • Rabies vaccine
  • Anthrax
  • Smallpox
  • Yellow Fever
  • Tuberculosis (TB)
  • Typhoid Fever

For more information on the NVICP, contact the vaccine injury attorneys of mctlaw. Our lawyers focus on representing patients from across the nation in seeking compensation for vaccine injuries.  Fill out our online contact form at the bottom of this page and our Firm will contact you shortly.

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Content Reviewed by Anne Carrión Toale – Vaccine Injury Lawyer

Anne Toale, Attorney at MCTLaw

Anne Carrión Toale, Esq. is a vaccine injury attorney at mctlaw. Anne helps vaccine injury clients get compensation from the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (NVICP) before the Vaccine Court in the United States Court of Federal Claims. Ms. Toale has served as past president of the Vaccine Injured Petitioners Bar Association, where she provided education and assistance to other attorneys throughout the United States practicing in the area of vaccine injury compensation.

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COVID-19 Vaccines are NOT Eligible

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