Rails to Trails Conversions
Property Rights & Rails to Trails Compensation
If you own property next to an old railroad track that is being turned into a community trail, the federal government could owe you money. A portion of your land may have been “taken” by the government. Filing a claim should not stop or delay the rails-to-trails conversion project.
Rails-to-Trails Land Taking
In 1983, Congress amended the National Trails System Act, which is also known as the Rails-to-Trails Act. The Act grants the federal government the authority to turn abandoned railroad right-of-ways into a nationwide system of recreational trails. The Act includes a program that lets railroad companies transfer the land under their railroad tracks to organizations, cities, or individuals who will convert it into recreational trails for public use. In order to transfer this land, the federal government, through the Rails-to-Trails Act, puts into motion a “taking” of the abandoned railroad corridors, which likely would have reverted to the adjoining landowners.
Typically this is how the process occurs:
- A railroad company abandons or stops using a railway corridor.
- The federal government “takes” that land back for another use, such as a community recreation trail.
- Private property owners adjacent to the land can demand to be fairly paid for that transfer of property since they’re not getting it back.
- The property owner files a lawsuit against the federal government in the U.S. Court of Federal Claims in Washington D.C. asking for “just compensation” for the taking of his or her land.
What’s unusual in Rails-to-Trails land seizures is that the federal government takes what appears to be the railroad’s track for public use, but you may actually own the land under the tracks and thus be entitled to compensation.
'Just Compensation' and What it Means for Property Owners
The federal government has a constitutional right to take your private land for public use. Sometimes the government takes away land to widen a highway or create a recreational trail for the benefit of the entire community. When this happens, landowners are protected by the Fifth Amendment to the Constitution. There’s a section of the Fifth Amendment known as the “Just Compensation Clause” and it requires the federal government to pay landowners fair market value for any property taken. The Supreme Court has defined fair market value as the most probable price that a buyer with full knowledge of the property’s attributes, both good and bad, would be willing to pay.
Our law firm supports Rails-to-Trails conversions across the country because they add value to neighborhoods and turn unused strips of land into productive community park areas.
In Rails-to-Trails conversions, if your property is next to the former railway, the government may owe you money for the section of land that makes up the new trail. You may still hold title to the land even though you don’t have use of the land or even realize you had an ownership interest in the land.
The federal government can take land for a number of reasons, including:
- Environmental and Natural Resource Issues
- Limiting Grazing
- Rails-to-Trails Conversions
Over the last 15 years, thousands of property owners have filed Rails-to-Trails claims against the federal government in more than 150 trail projects.
What is the U.S. Court of Federal Claims
The United States Court of Federal Claims is headquartered in Washington, D.C. but it hears cases against the federal government that originates anywhere in the country, including Rails-to-Trails cases. It generally handles cases asking for more than $10,000 in compensation from the U.S. government. To make it easier for plaintiffs, judges can hold trials at local courthouses in the area where the dispute is located. That means you could go to trial in your hometown instead of traveling to Washington D.C.
Our Legal Experience in the Court of Federal Claims
Very few attorneys in the United States work in the Court of Federal Claims regularly. All of the lawyers at Maglio Christopher & Toale, P. A. are admitted to practice in the Court. Over the past 15 years, the Firm has represented hundreds of clients in cases before the Court.
Meet our Rails-to-Trails Legal Team
Our entire staff of attorneys works on Court of Federal Claims cases. We want to introduce you to the lead attorneys who are heading up our Rails-to-Trails legal team.
Christina Unkel, Esq.
Christina Unkel is an attorney focusing her practice primarily in business law and complex litigation, with a focus on rails to trails and other federal takings cases. Prior to joining Maglio Christopher & Toale, PA, Mrs. Unkel held positions with a civil litigation law firm and a boutique construction and commercial litigation law firm. Her experience includes handling complex commercial civil litigation matters, multi-million dollar settlements, administrative hearings with state entities and addressing telecommunication issues.
Altom M. Maglio, Esq.
Altom (“Al” and “Tom” combined – the names of his grandfathers) Maglio represents individuals across the United States in complex civil litigation. Mr. Maglio founded Maglio Christopher & Toale, P.A. in 1999 to represent people and not corporations or big government. Today Mr. Maglio serves as the managing partner of the Firm, which actively represents clients involved in complex litigation in all 50 states and all U.S. territories. Altom is President-elect of the United States Court of Federal Claims Bar Association and has been actively involved in the bar of the Court of Federal Claims for many years.
William G. Christopher, Esq.
William “Bill” G. Christopher’s practice focuses on mediation, arbitration, and the litigation of complex civil cases. His clients range from some of the largest national organizations to individuals. Bill has over 40 years experience in the practice of law with large to medium size firms in Washington, DC, Michigan, and Florida. His practice has involved complex litigation, including property takings cases by governmental entities. Mr. Christopher has arbitrated over a hundred cases as a neutral arbitrator for the American Arbitration Association and has mediated well over a hundred cases as a mediator for the American Arbitration Association and as a Florida Circuit Civil Mediator. Prior to becoming an attorney, he was an officer (Captain) in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (1962-1967). Bill is a 1962 graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point.