When Permit Denials Become Federal Takings Claims

When can a Permit Denial be a Federal Taking?

A property owner cannot dredge or fill in westland areas on their property without a 404 permit from the federal government. If the permit is denied, it can have significant impacts on the use of the property. These impacts include: economic loss, lack of development rights, and limits potential uses of the property.

Koontz v. St John’s River Water Management

In this case, Koontz applied for a permit to develop his land, but that permit came with the condition that the remaining, undeveloped land must be turned over to the government for a conservation area. In addition, Koontz would be responsible for making improvements on the surrounding areas. These improvements would have included turning nearly 75% of Koontz’s property into a conservation easement- require that Koontz personally hire contractors to make improvements to unrelated public land several miles away. The permit was denied because Koontz agreed to turn over the land, but not to improve government property somewhere else.

The Supreme Court’s opinion stated: 

“the government may not conditionally approve land-use permits unless the conditions are connected to the land use and approximately proportional to the effects of the proposed land use. This standard even applies when the government does not approve the permit but instead demands that the condition be met before granting the permit.”

What this means is that the government cannot set certain conditions for receiving a permit that are disproportionate to the amount of environmental damage caused. Requiring that Koontz either turn 75% of his land into a conservation area, or requiring him to improve public land several miles away was a disproportionate condition for getting the 404 permit.

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Takings Lawsuits are Filed in the U.S. Court of Federal Claims

Our attorneys practice in the US Court of Federal Claims, which has nationwide jurisdiction over takings claims against the federal government.The purpose of the Court of Federal Claims is to decide claims against the federal government.

The Court of Federal Claims, unlike local federal district courts, only hears claims against the federal government and does not decide criminal cases, lawsuits between companies and individuals, or lawsuits against state or local governments. This allows the United States Court of Federal Claims to focus on and have an expertise in federal takings cases unmatched by any other court.​

The attorneys at mctlaw have represented clients in the United States Court of Federal Claims for more than 20 years. They have served on advisory panels of the Court and in leadership positions in the Court of Federal Claims Bar Association. 

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